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Knowledge We Wrote!

Ifugao House

    THE BALE: TRADITIONAL IFUGAO HOUSE           Clustered Huts: Typical of an Ifugao Village Source: H.O. Beyer; Courtesy of Beyer Family Museum     INTRODUCTION Ifugao house building is one of the most admired ethnic architectural designs for having employed an indigenous system of construction that is more complex...

Rice Terrace Construction

        RICE TERRACE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE     Restoring collapsed rice terrace walls in Batad, Banaue Photo: Ifugao Cultural Heritage Office       For the Ifugao, the primary purpose in constructing a ricefield is for agricultural production.  Due to sheer necessity for food, they painstaikingly c...

Swidden Farming

SWIDDEN FARMING       Otherwise known as shifting agriculture, swidden farming is defined as “any agricultural system in which the fields are cleared and cultivated for shorter periods than they are fallowed” (Conklin: 1957 in Jianchu & Ruscoe: 1993:11). Unlike the widely propagated view that swidden farming is destructive, swidden ...

Traditional Weather Indicators

TRADITIONAL WEATHER INDICATORS: IMPLICATIONS TO IFUGAO AGRICULTURE AND DAILY LIFE                 INTRODUCTION Out of various factors which control agricultural production, weather is the only factor over which man has no control (Verma:1998).  Virtually, weather condition determines the failure or success of crops.  It aff...

TINAWON: IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION

TINAWON: IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION   INTRODUCTION Traditional rice production in Ifugao is divided into two phases, namely: field preparation and rice production. These are subdivided into four seasons of unequal duration in the agricultural calendar, namely: kiwang (offseason), lawang (planting season), tiyalgo (dry seaso...

Pingkol Dilemma

  ENDANGERED MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION: The Pingkol Dilemma by Armand N. Camhol   This paper discusses an Ifugao “best practice”-the pingkol. Pingkol are vegetable mounds found in the rice terraces during fallow season of the Ifugao traditional rice cycle. The research which included interviews and periodic...

Rice Wine Making

  BAYA: Indigenous Rice Wine Making By Mary Lydia de Castro   Bayninan, Kiangan: Extracting the rice wine Photo: SITMo     Ingredients: 1.5 kgs Ifugao native rice or other ordinary rice varieties 1 kg glutinous rice 1/3 yeast cake to be pulverized     Materials needed: Ligau (rattan made winnower) Lopahan (rattan made co...

Holok Pest Management

  ENDANGERED MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION: The Holok Pest Management System   In early times, farmers believe that supernatural beings have direct influence on the success or failure of their rice crop. Consequently, crop problems such as pest infestation is often dealt with herbs and accompanying rituals...

The Ifugao People

THE IFUGAO PEOPLE (Excerpt from Heritage: An unpublished reference material for IK integration at the elementary, intermediate and secondary level of education written by the NIKE Team in 2009.)   Folk History and Origin   Theories of Migration Henry Otley Beyer (1917) initially speculated that the first Ifugao people were the Malay migr...

Knowledge We Wrote!

Ifugao House

    THE BALE: TRADITIONAL IFUGAO HOUSE           Clustered Huts: Typical of an Ifugao Village Source: H.O. Beyer; Courtesy of Beyer Family Museum     INTRODUCTION Ifugao house building is one of the most admired ethnic architectural designs for having employed an indigenous system of construction that is more complex...

Rice Terrace Construction

        RICE TERRACE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE     Restoring collapsed rice terrace walls in Batad, Banaue Photo: Ifugao Cultural Heritage Office       For the Ifugao, the primary purpose in constructing a ricefield is for agricultural production.  Due to sheer necessity for food, they painstaikingly c...

Swidden Farming

SWIDDEN FARMING       Otherwise known as shifting agriculture, swidden farming is defined as “any agricultural system in which the fields are cleared and cultivated for shorter periods than they are fallowed” (Conklin: 1957 in Jianchu & Ruscoe: 1993:11). Unlike the widely propagated view that swidden farming is destructive, swidden ...

Traditional Weather Indicators

TRADITIONAL WEATHER INDICATORS: IMPLICATIONS TO IFUGAO AGRICULTURE AND DAILY LIFE                 INTRODUCTION Out of various factors which control agricultural production, weather is the only factor over which man has no control (Verma:1998).  Virtually, weather condition determines the failure or success of crops.  It aff...

TINAWON: IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION

TINAWON: IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION   INTRODUCTION Traditional rice production in Ifugao is divided into two phases, namely: field preparation and rice production. These are subdivided into four seasons of unequal duration in the agricultural calendar, namely: kiwang (offseason), lawang (planting season), tiyalgo (dry seaso...

Pingkol Dilemma

  ENDANGERED MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION: The Pingkol Dilemma by Armand N. Camhol   This paper discusses an Ifugao “best practice”-the pingkol. Pingkol are vegetable mounds found in the rice terraces during fallow season of the Ifugao traditional rice cycle. The research which included interviews and periodic...

Rice Wine Making

  BAYA: Indigenous Rice Wine Making By Mary Lydia de Castro   Bayninan, Kiangan: Extracting the rice wine Photo: SITMo     Ingredients: 1.5 kgs Ifugao native rice or other ordinary rice varieties 1 kg glutinous rice 1/3 yeast cake to be pulverized     Materials needed: Ligau (rattan made winnower) Lopahan (rattan made co...

Holok Pest Management

  ENDANGERED MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IFUGAO TRADITIONAL RICE PRODUCTION: The Holok Pest Management System   In early times, farmers believe that supernatural beings have direct influence on the success or failure of their rice crop. Consequently, crop problems such as pest infestation is often dealt with herbs and accompanying rituals...

The Ifugao People

THE IFUGAO PEOPLE (Excerpt from Heritage: An unpublished reference material for IK integration at the elementary, intermediate and secondary level of education written by the NIKE Team in 2009.)   Folk History and Origin   Theories of Migration Henry Otley Beyer (1917) initially speculated that the first Ifugao people were the Malay migr...

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About our Heritage

A World Heritage Site lived-in, protected and maintained by Indigenous Peoples


Photo by: Christopher Ballola

The Philippine Rice Terraces is a conservation system,

maintained by indigenous knowledge,

developed through generations of practice,

offering lessons to the world

on sustainable management of limited land resources.


When the old experts are gone,

Who will take care of it in the future?

 


 

In order to nurture a young generation of indigenous knowledge experts,

our team is working to revitalize the communication lines

between our old folks and the younger generation.

 

This site is a living document of our efforts in the following areas:

Curricula Development, Community Learning Centers,

Indigenous Knowledge Management, and Collaboration.


Our focus: Natural Resource Management, Biodiversity, Construction Techniques,

Rice Production, including their accompanying rituals and values.